Note 48: Amartya Sen, “The Economics of Life and Death,” Scientific American, May 1993, pp. 40-47. See Amartya Sen, “War and Famines: On Divisions and Incentives,” Discussion Paper No. The Development Economics Research Programme, London School of Economics, October 1991, p. 19 note 28. He reports that between 1900 and 1987 over 169 million people died in democides, compared to about 34 million battle death in wars.